What is leukemia?
Leukemia is a type of blood cancer that occurs when the number of white blood cells in your body increases.
Healthy WBCs keep bacteria, viruses, and fungus out of your body. But in leukemia, WBCs don’t work normally. They grow excessively and crowd out red blood cells and platelets.
The symptoms of leukemia include:
- Anaemia: tiredness, weakness, fatigue
- Poor blood clotting: individuals with leukemia bruise or bleed easily
- Excessive sweating, especially at night (known as “night sweats”)
- Difficulty breathing
- Sudden weight loss
- Tenderness and discomfort in the bones
- Enlarged but painless lymph nodes (especially in the neck and armpits)
- Petechiae (red spots) on the skin caused by enlargement of the liver or spleen
- Frequent fever or chills
- Recurring infections