When the levels of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets are below normal, pancytopenia begins to develop.

Although mild pancytopenia does not show itself and cause any major symptoms, a few tell-tale signs may be identified during a blood test.

If the pancytopenia is at a severe stage, the following symptoms may appear:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Pale skin
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Fever
  • Dizziness
  • Easy bruising
  • Dizziness
  • Bleeding
  • Petechiae – small purplish spots on the skin
  • Purpura
  • Bleeding gums and nosebleeds
  • Fast heart rate

Certain factors put individuals at greater risk:

  • Undergoing cancer treatment and taking medications
  • Family history of bleeding disorders and pancytopenia

For individuals who have been diagnosed with a blood-related disorder, they should consult a doctor and know more about symptoms and risk factors.

Firstly, the doctor will take a complete blood count (CBC) test. The proportion of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets in your blood. If the CBC is not normal, a peripheral blood smear will be taken. In this test, the doctor will place a blood drop on a slide to observe the variety of cells.

To identify any problems in the bone marrow, a bone marrow aspiration and biopsy will be taken. Using a needle, the doctor will remove a small amount of liquid and tissue from the bone and examine it in a lab.

For individuals who have dangerously low blood counts, doctors may suggest a transfusion or other treatments:

  • Bone Marrow Transplant
  • Immunosuppressive treatment (depending on underlying cause)
  • Medications

Patients are our number one priority. We are committed to their health and wellbeing. It is this dedication that guides us to give our very best, and our multidisciplinary team of trained professionals work together to ensure quality care. If you’re showing any symptoms of Pancytopenia listed above, consult the team of experts at Haemato Oncology Care Centre (HOCC) without any delay.

Because Blood Count Matters, Count On Us.