Neutropenia is characterised by a very low presence of neutrophils. These immune system cells kill harmful bacteria and other foreign agents entering your body.
Neutrophils are white blood cells created by the bone marrow. Moving around in the bloodstream, neutrophils transport themselves to places of infection and neutralize offending bacteria.

Neutropenia is connected to skin and mouth infections, particular infections of the mucous membranes.
These infections can appear as mouth ulcers, anal ulcers, and fissures.

Other symptoms are:

  • Unexplained fever
  • They may present with fever and the presence of very low neutrophils is a risk factor for life threatening infections pneumonia and septicemia.

The causes of neutropenia include:

  • Problem with neutrophil formation in the bone marrow
  • Destruction of neutrophils outside the bone marrow
  • Infection
  • Nutritional deficiency

Causes of decreased production of neutrophils include:

  • Having an issue with bone marrow production from birth (congenital)
  • Illnesses affecting the bone marrow such as leukemia
  • Radiation
  • Chemotherapy

Infections that can cause neutropenia include:

  • Bacterial and fungal infections

Supportive Treatment

  • Antibiotics
  • Antifungal
  • GCSF

Definitive Line of Treatment

  • Depends on the cause

Neutropenia patients must prevent infections to stay safe. Certain precautions that are to be taken include:

  • Proper hygiene. Washing your hands now and then, practicing rigorous dental care, such as regular tooth brushing and flossing.
  • Limiting contact with sick people.
  • Limiting contact with sick people.
  • Always wear shoes
  • Disinfecting cuts and scrapes and covering them with a bandage
  • Instead of using a razor, use an electric shaver
  • Do not touch animal waste and, when possible, avoid touching infants’ diapers
  • Limit intake of unpasteurized dairy products; undercooked meat; and raw fruits, vegetables, grains, nuts, and honey
  • Avoid using hot tubs, ponds, and rivers
  • Having boiled water and edibles
  • Eating well-cooked food
  • Avoid crowded places/public health places

Patients are our number one priority. We are committed to their health and wellbeing. It is this dedication that guides us to give our very best, and our multidisciplinary team of trained professionals work together to ensure quality care. If you’re showing any symptoms of Neutropenia listed above, consult the team of experts at Haemato Oncology Care Centre (HOCC) without any delay.

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